Robotics is the confluence of engineering and science that includes mechanical engineering, electrical engineering, computer science also it is no more an emerging field as it has evolved so much in the last 10 years and it is nearing an apex point .It is an ever growing field and many avenues have opened up in recent past. The promise of robotics is easy to describe but hard for the mind to grasp.
A robot is a mechanical or virtual intelligent agent that can perform tasks automatically or with guidance,
typically by remote control. In practice a robot is usually an electro- mechanical machine that is guided by computer and electronic programming. Robots hold the promise of moving and transforming materials with the same ease as a computer program transforms data. But the grey spot remains wide when it comes to Research awareness in the field of Robotics and Automation. Sooner or later Robotics and automation will find its application in every facet of human life. The advancement in technology would bring a day of robots omnipresence. They will soon sneak everywhere from gadgets to apparels and to our very own bodies. Hence it is the responsibility of engineering community to disseminate the knowledge about the future scope and application of Robotics.
The term robot is derived from Czech word “robota” which means forced labor. Nobody has ever given a precise
explanation of what a robot is, although each of those definitions more or less means the same. To make things simpler, “Robot is a combination of electronics, mechanics and programming which senses it’s surrounding through its sensors processes the sensor information and does something in response”. The response can be locomotion or manipulation, like turning on a LED, rotating a wheel, moving an arm, raising an alarm and so on. The branch of computer science and engineering which deals with robot design, construction, application and operation is called Robotics with applications in computer science, physics, engineering, defense and even many household devices
DIFFERENCE BETWEEN ROBOTS AND EMBEDDED SYSTEMS
Embedded system is a combination of various electronic and mechanical parts which are designed to perform a particular task (or a set of few tasks) in real time with high efficiency and performance. These systems are used invarious consumer electronics, medical systems, military applications, etc.
Portable music player, cell phones are all examples of embedded systems which have a controller built in to perform specific activities.
Robots are theoretically different in that they are equipped with sensors to perceive their environment and actuators to perform particular tasks and can take intelligent decisions.
Although robots and embedded systems seem like two extremes of engineering world, the gap between them is reducing. We already know that washing machines can sense dirt in cloths and takes intelligent decisions. Air conditioners can sense outside temperature and adjust internal room temperature. These are intelligent embedded systems built inside another bigger system which perceives it environment through its sensors and takes corrective actions, thereby controlling the bigger system.
IoT (Internet Of Things)
The Internet of Things, or IoT for its acronym in English ( Internet of Things ), is a term that refers to the connection of objects to each other and to humans through the Internet.
The applications of IoT technologies are multiple, because it is adjustable to almost any technology that is capable of providing relevant information about its own operation, about the performance of an activity and even about the environmental conditions that we need to monitor and control at a distance.
Currently, robots perform a number of different jobs in numerous fields and the amount of tasks delegated to robots is rising progressively. The best way to split robots into types is a partition by their application.
Industrial robots – These robots bring into play in an industrialized manufacturing atmosphere. Typically these are articulated arms particularly created for applications like- material handling, painting, welding and others.
The robotic process automation is one of the revolutions in the automation industry, and it is expected to increase higher potential in terms of utilization and staff implementation in the upcoming year. Robotic Process Automation, particularly focuses on the process automation of those industries which are mostly business oriented and are handled by humans. Using RPA, all the operations would be automated easily, but it is expected that it will replace the human jobs because in the future the robotics oriented automated tools will be highly effective.
Domestic or household robots – Robots which are used at home this sort of robots consists of numerous different gears for example- robotic pool cleaners, robotic sweepers, robotic vacuum cleaners, robotic sewer cleaners and other robots that can perform different household tasks.
Home automation or domotics is building automation for a home, called a smart home or smart house. A home automation system will monitor and/or control home attributes such as lighting, climate, entertainment systems, and appliances. It may also include home security such as access control and alarm systems.
Medical robots: Existing technologies are being combined in new ways to streamline the efficiency of healthcare operations. As a result, a wide range of robots is being developed to serve in a variety of roles within the medical environment. Robots specializing in human treatment include
surgical robots and rehabilitation robots. The field of assistive and therapeutic robotic devices is also expanding rapidly.
These include robots that help patients rehabilitate from serious conditions like strokes, empathic robots that assist in the care of older or physically/mentally challenged individuals, and industrial robots that take on a variety of routine tasks, such as sterilizing rooms and delivering medical supplies and equipment, including medications.
Military robots: Robots brought into play in military & armed forces. This sort of robots consist of bomb discarding robots, various shipping robots, exploration drones. Often robots at the start produced for military and armed forces purposes can be employed in law enforcement, exploration and salvage and other associated fields.
The military has always been at the cutting edge of technology, so it should come as no surprise that the most advanced robots in the world are being built with military applications in mind.
FUTURE OF ROBOTICS
There is no denying that Robotic technologies are all set to change the way things are done in the industries in which they are being implemented. Entrepreneurs are voicing a similar sentiment and are clearly optimistic about the use of Robotics in various industrial segments. Robotics is mainly capturing industries like manufacturing, pharmaceutical, FMCG, packaging and inspection. A bit of Robotics would also be seen in the technologies.
The other promising sectors are defense and education. World had come across PC revolution and mobile revolution in the recent past now it is the time for inevitable robotics. Considering that the global players, like Google, FESTO and Tesla are investing in Robotics along with substantial increase in amateur robotic enthusiasts, Open source tools and platforms available for robotics, It is assured that significant development in this field will occur in another 5-10 years.
Robotics is fast entering into the industrial space, and many other utilities application it is but natural that a lot of employment and entrepreneurship opportunities are opening up for people who wish to enter this growing and exciting field. It is evident from the above provided details that the robots have proved time and again that they can do the impossible. Man’s short stay in this planet is influenced by
these machines created by the human brain. Hopefully in a few years these man-made machines or the so called “Brain child of mankind” will find its path along every walks of human life.